Constitution of India and its characteristic features:
Democracy, Secularism, Socialism, equality of opportunity and
Parliamentary form of Government. Major political ideologies -
Democracy, Socialism, Communism and Gandhian idea of non-violence.
Indian political parties, pressure groups, public opinion and the Press,
India’s foreign policy and
non-alignment, Arms race, balance of power. World organisation -
political, social, economic and cultural. Important events
(including sports and cultural activities) in India and abroad during
the past two years.
Broad features of Indian social system:
The caste system, hierarchy, recent changes and trends. Minority social
institution - marriage, family, religion and acculturation. Division of
labour, co-operation, conflict and competition, Social control - reward
and punishment, art, law, customs, propaganda, public opinion, agencies
of social control - family, religion, State educational institutions;
factors of social change - economic, technological, demographic,
cultural; the concept of revolution.
Social disorganisation in India:
Casteism, communalism, corruption in public life, youth unrest,
beggary, drugs, delinquency and crime, poverty and unemployment. Social
planning and welfare in India, community development and labour
welfare; welfare of Scheduled Castes and Backward Classes.
Money: Taxation, price,
demographic trends, national income, economic growth. Private and
Public Sectors; economic and non-economic factors in planning,
balanced versus imbalanced growth, agricultural versus industrial
development; inflation and price stabilization, problem of resource
mobilisation. India’s Five Year Plans.
Geography : Solar system and the earth. Seasons, Climate, Weather, Soil - its
formation, erosion. Forests and their uses. Natural calamities cyclones,
floods, earthquakes, volcanic eruptions. Mountains and rivers and their
role in irrigation in India. Distribution of natural resources and
industries in India. Exploration of underground minerals including
Oil. Conservation of natural resources with particular reference to the
flora and fauna of India.
Science : Knowledge of the human body, nutrition, balanced diet, substitute foods,
public health and sanitation including control of epidemics and common
diseases. Environmental pollution and its control. Food adulteration,
proper storage and preservation of food grains and finished products,
population explosion, population control. Production of food and raw
materials. Breeding of animals and plants, artificial insemination,
manures and fertilizers, crop protection measures, high yielding
varieties and green revolution, main cereal and cash crops of India.Evolution of life, plants and animals, heredity and environment-Genetics, cells, chromosomes, genes.
This is test understanding and command of the language of candidates. Use SCHAND English book.
Matrices and Determinants
Permutation and Combination
profit and loss
Addition and subtraction formulae, multiple and sub-multiple angles.
Product and factoring formulae. Inverse trigonometric functions -
Domains, Ranges and Graphs. DeMoivre's theorem, expansion of Sin n0 and
Cos n0 in a series of multiples of Sines and Cosines. Solution of simple
trigonometric equations. Applications: Heights and Distance.
Rectangular Cartesian. Coordinate system, distance between two points,
equation of a straight line in various forms, angle between two lines,
distance of a point from a line. Transformation of axes. Pair of
straight lines, general equation of second degree in x and y - condition
to represent a pair of straight lines, point of intersection, angle
between two lines. Equation of a circle in standard and in general form,
equations of tangent and normal at a point, orthogonality of two
cricles. Standard equations of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola -
parametric equations, equations of tangent and normal at a point in both
cartesian and parametric forms.
Integral Calculus and Differential equations
Vectors and its applications
Frequency distribution, cumulative
frequency distribution - examples. Graphical representation - Histogram,
frequency polygon - examples. Measure of central tendency - mean,
median and mode. Variance and standard deviation - determination
and comparison. Correlation and regression.